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CeCe Winans, born Priscilla Winans, is an American gospel singer. She was born in Detroit, Michigan. Her first solo album, Alone in His Presence, was released in 1995; she had previously recorded as part of a duet with her brother BeBe Winans. Many of her ten siblings, as well as her parents, were professional gospel singers.
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Many of her ten siblings, as well as her parents, were professional gospel singers.
Throne Room (2003). There are five types:. CeCe Winans (2001). Ponytail - This denotes the age and type of Barbie a particular doll is. Alabaster Box (1999). OSS - Dolls with original swimsuit. His Gift (1998). Modern Barbie - Dolls produced after 1972.
Everlasting Love (1998). They come in showcase packaging [a stand and a Certificate of Authenticity included]. Alone in His Presence (1995). Designed for collectors and display. Featuring special fabrics and details. Limited to specific retailers.
Limited Edition - Dolls produced in limited quantities worldwide. Usually they come in showcase packaging [a stand and a Certificate of Authenticity]. Customized - Dolls created exclusively for a specific store. Usually they come in showcase packaging [a stand and a Certificate of Authenticity].
Designed for collectors and display. Collector Edition - Dolls produced in limited quantities. Though not feature length, they are fairly abundant in plot, for the younger audience, of course. In recent years, she has taken the computer animated movie industry by storm, guest appearing in Toy Story 2, and later her own direct-to-video movies, Barbie's Nutcracker, The Princess and the Pauper and Rapunzel Barbie, all of which were accompanied by small product lines, including dolls of Barbie in the costumes portrayed in the shorts.
By the late-1990s, Mattel had moved to featuring her in interactive 3D video games for both gaming consoles and personal computers. The mid-1990s saw a line of early novels, featuring her adventurous exploits. Forty-five-percent of them spend upwards of $1000 a year. Ninety-percent are women, at an average age of 40, purchasing more than 20 Barbie dolls each year.
Mattel estimates that there are well over 100,000 avid Barbie collectors. A commercial by automobile company Nissan featuring dolls similar to Barbie and Ken driving in a toy car was the subject of another lawsuit on September 18, 1997  (http://www.eonline.com/News/Court/0997.barbie.html). However, it was dismissed by the court as parody on May 15, 1998. It contained lyrics such as "You can brush my hair/Undress me everywhere" and used a graphics similar to the pink Barbie logo. Mattel used this as grounds for a trademark infringement and defamation lawsuit filed on September 11, 1997.
The European pop-dance group Aqua released a song called "Barbie Girl" in 1997. Many artists have referred to Barbie and her accompanying products, either as homage or as parody.  (http://www.adiosbarbie.com/bology/bology_timeline.html). She also ran for President after breaking up with Ken.
These include astronaut, gymnast, rapper and soldier. To counter accusations of gender stereotyping, career Barbies have been released. As of 2005 there are also a "Kelly; Dolls of the World" where Barbies "little sister" and two friends represent different European countries. In 2001 "The Princess Collection" was issued for instance with dolls named Princess of India, Princess of the Navajo, Princess of the Vikings.
Peruvian, Kenyan, Japanese and Australian Barbies. The European countries are highly over-represented but there are also i.e. The dolls are dressed in more or less traditional clothes, each representing a nation. Mattel also released an "International collection" in 1980, with Barbies from different parts of the world.
Most commonly the Hispanic Teresa and African-American Christie appear as Barbie's "ethno-friend" alongside Skipper and occasionally red-head Midge, who's been around since the sixties. Barbies of different nationalities have also been created, including African, Hispanic, Asian and Native American Barbies. One of the most publicized responses happened around the turn of the century, as Barbie's waist widened to more natural proportions. This resulted in the new modified Barbie saying, "Eat lead, Cobra!" and "Dead men tell no lies."  (http://www.etext.org/Zines/UnitCircle/uc3/page10.html).
A group of parents, feminists and other activists known as the Barbie Liberation Organization bought hundreds of Barbies and GI Joe dolls, and switched their voice circuitry. One of these 270 phrases was "Math class is tough!" Although only about 1.5% of all the dolls sold said the phrase, it caused a large public outcry over Barbie's representation of women, and the infamous phrase quickly became a common pop culture reference. It spoke a number of phrases such as, "Will we ever have enough clothes?" "I love shopping!" and, "Wanna have a pizza party?" Each doll was programmed to say four out of 270 possible phrases, so chances were good that no two dolls owned by a girl or her friends would be the same. This culminated in 1993 when Mattel released "Teen Talk Barbie", a talking version of the doll.
Her accessories reflect a lifestyle that is unobtainable for most of the girls who play with her. The enormous range of available accessories relating clothes, hair, make-up, parties and looking pretty give rise to the accusation that Barbie encourages young girls to focus on shallow trivia.  (http://site.www.umb.edu/forum/1/AMSTJess/member/Forums/481613252.html) The chances of meeting someone with Barbie's measurements is 1 in 100,000. If scaled into real life proportions, she would be 5 feet, 9 inches, (1.75 m) measuring 36-18-33. According to research by the University Central Hospital in Helsinki, Finland, she would lack the requisite 17 to 22 percent of body fat required to menstruate.
Barbie's height and exaggerated hourglass figure drew criticism from parents and anorexia groups. See bimbo. "Barbie" is sometimes used as a derogatory slang term for a person, particularly a girl or woman, who is stupid. The Middle Eastern country of Saudi Arabia outlawed Barbie dolls on September 10, 2003.
The criticisms leveled at her are often based around the idea of children considering Barbie a role model and attempting to emulate her. Her popularity ensures that her effect on the play of Western children attracts a high degree of scrutiny. Barbie is often looked upon as an icon of Western childhood. She has also been portrayed as a tourist at Walt Disney World and a customer at McDonalds.
Included in the list of accomplished creators and labels are Calvin Klein, Donna Karan, Bob Mackie, Nicole Miller, Christian Dior, Escada, Anne Klein, Ralph Lauren, Donatella Versace and Bill Blass. Many designers have been honored with the opportunity to design clothing for Barbie. Career woman Barbie has taken up many occupations over the years, they include:. Barbie has been used in an effort to promote gender equality, showing that women can work at anything.
According to a Mattel press release:. On August 12, 2004, Barbie announced she was running for the presidential office, as a member of the Party of Girls. A Mattel press release ended saying "Although their future is yet to be set in "cement," one thing is for certain - Barbie and Ken will always remain the best of friends.". And now they feel it's time to spend some quality time – apart.".
"In fact, they just finished wrapping their fourth movie together, 'Barbie™ as The Princess and the Pauper,' which debuts this fall. "Barbie and Ken have always been an extraordinary couple with so much on- and off-screen chemistry," said the pair's business manager, Russell Arons, Vice President Marketing, Mattel. On February 12, 2004, just days before Valentine's, Mattel spokespeople announced the split of Barbie and Ken after 43 years of dating, saying in their press release that they "have decided to spend some time apart.". She also has a pilot's license, and operates commercial airliners, when not serving as a stewardess.
Barbie has used her driver's license to the fullest, with pink convertibles, trailers and more. Barbie has thirty-eight recorded pets, including cats and dogs, horses, a panda, a lion cub, and a zebra. Barbie has been said to attend Willows High School in Willows, Wisconsin and Manhattan International High School in New York City (based on the real-life Stuyvesant High School). Other longstanding friends in Barbie's ethnically diverse social circle include Hispanic Teresa, African-American Christie and Steven (Christie's boyfriend), and the ethnically-ambiguous Kayla.
Barbie has dated Ken since 1961, and after a long estrangement was reunited with her best friend Midge in the early nineties. Additions to the family tree include Skipper (debut 1964), twins Tutti and Todd (1966), Stacie (1992), Kelly (1995), and baby Krissy (1999). She has been given the fuller name Barbara Millicent Roberts, and a family and friends have been manufactured for her, starting with her permanent beau Ken. Barbie's fictional biography has developed as her sales continued.
Redesigned by Jack Ryan and manufactured by Mattel, this one doll is a $1.9 billion dollar a year industry, with two Barbies being bought every second. In response to criticism, Mattel adjusted the chest measurement down, and the waist measurement up, though the proportions are still uncharacteristic of most women. These measurements were not based on actual human metrics, and the unrealistic size of Barbie has been controversial, with many suggesting that playing with Barbie decreases rather than enhances a girl's self-esteem. If the doll originally marketed were human-sized, her measurements would have been 39 by 18 by 33 in.
Ruth Handler had stated that she thought it "was important to a girl's esteem that she play with a doll with breasts," and Barbie was certainly qualified to be that doll. In the succeeding years, Mattel fashion designer Charlotte Johnson based Barbie doll fashion designs on the Paris fashions. The first Barbie doll had a black-and-white striped swimsuit and signature ponytail. Ruth Handler and Elliott Handler, the co-founders of Mattel, bought the rights to market Lilli: with a hair color change from blonde to brunette, and a name change to Barbie (after Ruth's daughter Barbara) she was sold in the United States starting in 1959 at New York's annual Toy Fair.
Ruth Handler says that when she bought Lilli for her daughter, she was ignorant of its adult nature. Lord, in her Forever Barbie: The Unauthorized Biography of a Real Doll, characterized the original doll as a "gag gift for men, a pornographic character."  (http://www.salon.com/mwt/feature/1997/11/26harlot.html). G. M.
The doll was marketed to adult men in bars and tobacco shops, not to children. The dolls were manufactured in Hamburg, where legal, licensed prostitutes are ubiquitous. The Lilli doll was first sold in Germany in 1955. In fact, the Lilli doll was based on the character of a prostitute in a comic strip drawn by Reinhard Beuthin for die Bild Zeitung.
During a trip to Europe with her daughter, Handler noticed a German doll named Lilli and bought it for Barbara. Ruth Handler had noted that her daughter Barbara preferred playing with paper dolls that looked like adults rather than like children. The best-selling Barbie was one released in 1992, Totally Hair Barbie, with stylable hair so long it reached from her head down to her toes. Barbie is the world's best-selling doll and was first sold on March 9, 1959.
Paperback ISBN 0761958886. Rogers, Mary F., "Barbie Culture". Paperback ISBN 0802776949. Lord, M.G., Forever Barbie: The Unauthorized Biography of a Real Doll.
In The Simpsons, there is a parody of Barbie, called Malibu Stacy. When this gene is absent, the flies form without external genitalia. There is a gene in the Drosophila fruit-fly called the "ken and barbie" gene (abbreviated ken). In Sweden, more Barbie dolls have been sold than the country's current population.
See full list of Barbie's careers. Firefighter
Model - Barbie was originally marketed as a "teen-age fashion model". Fashion designer. Astronaut - An astronaut suit was sold for Barbie around the same time the first real female, Valentina Tereshkova, entered space. Doctor, dentist, nurse, and veterinarian.
Paleontologist. Olympic athlete (including gymnastics and figure skating). List of Barbie's friends and family.